Gadzan

我的Windows10下开发环境

安装新版 PowerShell

PowerShell 官网

在 Windows 上安装 PowerShell

GitHub“发布”页下载 msi 安装包, 安装后即可.

美化 PowerShell

打开 PowerShell 并输入以下命令安装 posh-git 和 oh-my-posh 这两个模块

Install-Module posh-git -Scope CurrentUser 
Install-Module oh-my-posh -Scope CurrentUser

优化ls命令的颜色,需要管理员权限运行

Install-Module Get-ChildItemColor

让 PowerShell 主题配置生效

新增(/或修改)你的 PowerShell 配置文件
如果之前没有配置文件,就新建一个 PowerShell 配置文件

if (!(Test-Path -Path $PROFILE )) { New-Item -Type File -Path $PROFILE -Force }

用记事本打开配置文件

notepad $PROFILE

在其中添加下面的内容

Import-Module Get-ChildItemColor

$env:PYTHONIOENCODING="utf-8"
# Remove curl alias
If (Test-Path Alias:curl) {Remove-Item Alias:curl}
If (Test-Path Alias:curl) {Remove-Item Alias:curl}
# Remove-Item alias:ls -force
Set-Alias l Get-ChildItemColor -option AllScope
Set-Alias ls Get-ChildItemColorFormatWide -option AllScope

Import-Module posh-git 
Import-Module oh-my-posh 
Set-Theme Paradox

安装 choco

Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope Process -Force; iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString('https://chocolatey.org/install.ps1'))

安装 ConEmu

choco install ConEmu

安装 Scoop

在 PowerShell 中输入下面内容,保证允许本地脚本的执行:
set-executionpolicy remotesigned -scope currentuser

然后执行下面的命令安装 Scoop:
iex (new-object net.webclient).downloadstring('https://get.scoop.sh')

静待脚本执行完成就可以了,安装成功后,执行下面命令查看帮助文档:
scoop help

添加加 Nerd font的仓库
scoop bucket add nerd-fonts
这里有 scoop 社区支持添加的仓库列表

如果没有git,会提示你顺便先安装git,按照提示安装就行。

安装字体

scoop install FantasqueSansMono-NF

安装 Windows terminal

首先安装 Windows terminal ,在 Microsoft store 里搜索 Windows terminal, 现在还是 preview 的版本

修改 Windows Terminal 配置

点击 Windows Terminal 顶栏的下拉箭头按钮,选择Settings, 按需要修改成下面配置。

// To view the default settings, hold "alt" while clicking on the "Settings" button.
// For documentation on these settings, see: https://aka.ms/terminal-documentation

{
    "$schema": "https://aka.ms/terminal-profiles-schema",
    // 默认启动哪个终端, 该值为对应 guid
    "defaultProfile": "{574e775e-4f2a-5b96-ac1e-a2962a402336}",

    "profiles": {
        "defaults": {
            // Put settings here that you want to apply to all profiles.
            "fontFace" : "FantasqueSansMono NF",
            "fontSize" : 11,
            "colorScheme": "One Half Dark"
        },
    "list": [
        {
                // 安装新 PowerShell Core 以后会自动生成基础配置.
                "guid": "{574e775e-4f2a-5b96-ac1e-a2962a402336}",
                "hidden": false,
                "name": "PowerShell",
                "source": "Windows.Terminal.PowershellCore",
                "icon" : "ms-appx:///ProfileIcons/{574e775e-4f2a-5b96-ac1e-a2962a402336}.png",
                // 启用亚克力效果时控制窗口透明度。0到1之间的浮点数,0表示完全透明,1表示完全不透明。默认值是0.5。
                "useAcrylic" : true,
                "acrylicOpacity" : 0.3,
                "background" : "#171717",
                // 背景图片, ms-appdata的位置在 %LOCALAPPDATA%\Packages\Microsoft.WindowsTerminal_8wekyb3d8bbwe\RoamingState
                "backgroundImage" : "ms-appdata:///roaming/lightm.jpg",
                "backgroundImageOpacity" : 0.1,
                "closeOnExit" : true,
                "cursorColor" : "#FFFFFF",
                "cursorShape" : "vintage",
                "fontFace" : "FantasqueSansMono NF",
                "fontSize" : 11,
                "historySize" : 9001,
                "padding" : "0, 0, 0, 0",
                "snapOnInput" : true,
                "startingDirectory" : "%USERPROFILE%",
                // 实验性功能,不保证将来的版本会继续存在。设置为true可以启用模拟CRT显示器效果,装逼利器。效果如下图所示,显卡太弱的话会影响性能。需要重启窗口才能生效。
                "experimental.retroTerminalEffect": true
            },
            {
                // Make changes here to the powershell.exe profile
                "guid": "{61c54bbd-c2c6-5271-96e7-009a87ff44bf}",
                "name": "Windows PowerShell",
                "commandline": "powershell.exe",
                "hidden": false,
                "acrylicOpacity" : 0.5,
                "background" : "#000",
                "closeOnExit" : true,
                "cursorColor" : "#FFFFFF",
                "cursorShape" : "bar",
                "fontFace" : "FantasqueSansMono NF",
                "fontSize" : 10,
                "padding" : "0, 0, 0, 0",
                "snapOnInput" : true,
                "useAcrylic" : true
            },
            {
                // Make changes here to the cmd.exe profile
                "guid": "{0caa0dad-35be-5f56-a8ff-afceeeaa6101}",
                "name": "cmd",
                "commandline": "cmd.exe",
                "hidden": false,
                "acrylicOpacity" : 0.5,
                "background" : "#000",
                "closeOnExit" : true,
                "cursorColor" : "#FFFFFF",
                "cursorShape" : "bar",
                "fontFace" : "FantasqueSansMono NF",
                "fontSize" : 10,
                "padding" : "0, 0, 0, 0",
                "snapOnInput" : true,
                "useAcrylic" : true
            },
            {
                "guid": "{b453ae62-4e3d-5e58-b989-0a998ec441b8}",
                "hidden": false,
                "name": "Azure Cloud Shell",
                "source": "Windows.Terminal.Azure"
            },
            // WSL 配置, 安装 WSL 会用到
            {
                "guid" : "{07b52e3e-de2c-5db4-bd2d-ba144ed6c273}",
                "acrylicOpacity" : 0.6,
                "background" : "#171717",
                "closeOnExit" : true,
                "hidden": false,
                "source": "Windows.Terminal.Wsl",
                "cursorColor" : "#FFFFFF",
                "cursorShape" : "vintage",
                "fontFace" : "FantasqueSansMono NF",
                "fontSize" : 11,
                "historySize" : 9001,
                // "icon" : "ms-appx:///ProfileIcons/{07b52e3e-de2c-5db4-bd2d-ba144ed6c273}.png",
                "backgroundImage" : "ms-appdata:///roaming/lightm.jpg",
                "backgroundImageOpacity" : 0.3,
                "name" : "Ubuntu-20.04",
                "padding" : "0, 0, 0, 0",
                "snapOnInput" : true,
                // 通常来说,启动路径只支持Windows下的路径,如果你想在启动wsl时进入家目录,可以如下设置:"//wsl$/DistroName/home/username"。注意修改其中对应wsl发行版的名字以及你的用户名。
                "startingDirectory" : "//wsl$/Ubuntu-20.04/home/gadzan",
                "useAcrylic": true
            }
        ]
    },

    // Add custom color schemes to this array
    "schemes": [
           {
             "name": "Campbell",
             "foreground": "#F2F2F2",
             "background": "#0C0C0C",
             "colors": [
               "#0C0C0C",
               "#C50F1F",
               "#13A10E",
               "#C19C00",
               "#0037DA",
               "#881798",
               "#3A96DD",
               "#CCCCCC",
               "#767676",
               "#E74856",
               "#16C60C",
               "#F9F1A5",
               "#3B78FF",
               "#B4009E",
               "#61D6D6",
               "#F2F2F2"
             ]
           },
           {
             "name": "Solarized Dark",
             "foreground": "#FDF6E3",
             "background": "#073642",
             "colors": [
               "#073642",
               "#D30102",
               "#859900",
               "#B58900",
               "#268BD2",
               "#D33682",
               "#2AA198",
               "#EEE8D5",
               "#002B36",
               "#CB4B16",
               "#586E75",
               "#657B83",
               "#839496",
               "#6C71C4",
               "#93A1A1",
               "#FDF6E3"
             ]
           },
           {
             "name": "Solarized Light",
             "foreground": "#073642",
             "background": "#FDF6E3",
             "colors": [
               "#073642",
               "#D30102",
               "#859900",
               "#B58900",
               "#268BD2",
               "#D33682",
               "#2AA198",
               "#EEE8D5",
               "#002B36",
               "#CB4B16",
               "#586E75",
               "#657B83",
               "#839496",
               "#6C71C4",
               "#93A1A1",
               "#FDF6E3"
             ]
           },
           {
             "name": "Ubuntu",
             "foreground": "#EEEEEC",
             "background": "#2C001E",
             "colors": [
               "#EEEEEC",
               "#16C60C",
               "#729FCF",
               "#B58900",
               "#268BD2",
               "#D33682",
               "#2AA198",
               "#EEE8D5",
               "#002B36",
               "#CB4B16",
               "#586E75",
               "#657B83",
               "#839496",
               "#6C71C4",
               "#93A1A1",
               "#FDF6E3"
             ]
           },
           {
             "name": "UbuntuLegit",
             "foreground": "#EEEEEE",
             "background": "#2C001E",
             "colors": [
               "#4E9A06",
               "#CC0000",
               "#300A24",
               "#C4A000",
               "#3465A4",
               "#75507B",
               "#06989A",
               "#D3D7CF",
               "#555753",
               "#EF2929",
               "#8AE234",
               "#FCE94F",
               "#729FCF",
               "#AD7FA8",
               "#34E2E2",
               "#EEEEEE"
             ]
           },
           {
            "name": "Nord",
            "background": "#2e3440",
            "foreground": "#eceff4",
            "brightBlack": "#2e3440",
            "brightBlue": "#5e81ac",
            "brightCyan": "#8fbcbb",
            "brightGreen": "#a3be8c",
            "brightPurple": "#b48ead",
            "brightRed": "#bf616a",
            "brightWhite": "#eceff4",
            "brightYellow": "#ebcb8b",
            "black": "#2e3440",
            "blue": "#5e81ac",
            "cyan": "#8fbcbb",
            "green": "#a3be8c",
            "purple": "#b48ead",
            "red": "#bf616a",
            "white": "#eceff4",
            "yellow": "#ebcb8b"
          }
        ],
    // Add any keybinding overrides to this array.
    // To unbind a default keybinding, set the command to "unbound"
    "keybindings": []
}

修改后保存即可看见效果。

添加自定义主题

在 powershell 中输入:
$Themesettings
会输出下面信息:

PromptSymbols        : {UNCSymbol, HomeSymbol, ElevatedSymbol, SegmentSeparatorForwardSymbol...}
CurrentUser          : Administrator
CurrentThemeLocation : C:\Users\Administrator\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Modules\oh-my-posh\2.0.379\Themes\Paradox.psm                        1
Colors               : {AdminIconForegroundColor, PromptBackgroundColor, PromptHighlightColor, GitLocalChangesColor...} GitSymbols           : {OriginSymbols, LocalWorkingStatusSymbol, LocalDefaultStatusSymbol, BranchUntrackedSymbol...}    Options              : {ConsoleTitle, OriginSymbols}
ErrorCount           : 1
MyThemesLocation     : C:\Users\Administrator\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\PoshThemes

CurrentThemeLocation 即是现在主题的地址,在该目录下
C:\Users\Administrator\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Modules\oh-my-posh\2.0.379\Themes\新建一个文件SpencerTechy.psm1
填入一下内容

#requires -Version 2 -Modules posh-git

function Write-Theme {
    param(
        [bool]
        $lastCommandFailed,
        [string]
        $with
    )

    $lastColor = $sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "╭" -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptIndicatorForegroundColor1

    $prompt = Write-Prompt -Object " $($sl.PromptSymbols.StartSymbol) " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptUserBackgroundColor
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$($sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol) " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptIndicatorForegroundColor3 -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptUserBackgroundColor
    #check for elevated prompt
    If (Test-Administrator) {
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$($sl.PromptSymbols.ElevatedSymbol)" -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.AdminIconForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptUserBackgroundColor
    }


    $user = [System.Environment]::UserName
    $computer = [System.Environment]::MachineName
    $path = Get-ShortPath -dir $pwd
    if (Test-NotDefaultUser($user)) {
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$user@$computer " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptUserBackgroundColor
    }

    if (Test-VirtualEnv) {
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$($sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol)" -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.VirtualEnvBackgroundColor
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$($sl.PromptSymbols.VirtualEnvSymbol) $(Get-VirtualEnvName) " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.VirtualEnvForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.VirtualEnvBackgroundColor
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$($sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol)" -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.VirtualEnvBackgroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor
    }
    else {
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$($sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol)" -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptUserBackgroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor
    }

    # Writes the drive portion
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object " $path " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor

    $status = Get-VCSStatus
    if ($status) {
        $themeInfo = Get-VcsInfo -status ($status)
        $lastColor = $themeInfo.BackgroundColor
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object $($sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol) -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor -BackgroundColor $lastColor
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object " $($themeInfo.VcInfo) " -BackgroundColor $lastColor -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.GitForegroundColor
    }

    # Writes the postfix to the prompt
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object $sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol -ForegroundColor $lastColor

    #check the last command state and indicate if failed
    If ($lastCommandFailed) {
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object " $($sl.PromptSymbols.FailedCommandSymbol)" -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.CommandFailedIconForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
    } else {
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object " $($sl.PromptSymbols.SuccessCommandSymbol)" -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.CommandSuccessIconForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
    }

    # $timeStamp = Get-Date -UFormat %T
    # $timestamp = " $timeStamp "

    # $prompt += Set-CursorForRightBlockWrite -textLength ($timestamp.Length + $sl.PromptSymbols.TimeSymbol.Length + $sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentBackwardSymbol.Length + $sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol.Length + 1)
    # $prompt += Write-Prompt $sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentBackwardSymbol -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
    # $prompt += Write-Prompt $sl.PromptSymbols.TimeSymbol -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor
    # $prompt += Write-Prompt $timeStamp -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor
    # $prompt += Write-Prompt $sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor

    $prompt += Set-Newline

    if ($with) {
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$($with.ToUpper()) " -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.WithBackgroundColor -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.WithForegroundColor
    }

    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "╰" -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptIndicatorForegroundColor1
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object $sl.PromptSymbols.PromptIndicator -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptIndicatorForegroundColor1
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object $sl.PromptSymbols.PromptIndicator -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptIndicatorForegroundColor2
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object $sl.PromptSymbols.PromptIndicator -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptIndicatorForegroundColor3
    $prompt += ' '
    $prompt
}

$sl = $global:ThemeSettings #local settings
$sl.PromptSymbols.StartSymbol = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0xe70c)
$sl.PromptSymbols.PromptIndicator = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0x276F)
$sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol = "" # [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0xE0B0) #(0xE0B4)
$sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentBackwardSymbol = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0xE0B2)
$sl.PromptSymbols.TimeSymbol = ' ' + [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0x235F)
$sl.PromptSymbols.FailedCommandSymbol = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0x2718)
$sl.PromptSymbols.SuccessCommandSymbol = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0x2714)
$sl.Colors.PromptForegroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::White
$sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::DarkBlue
$sl.Colors.PromptSymbolColor = [ConsoleColor]::White
$sl.Colors.PromptHighlightColor = [ConsoleColor]::DarkBlue
$sl.Colors.GitForegroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::Black
$sl.Colors.WithForegroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::DarkRed
$sl.Colors.WithBackgroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::DarkMagenta
$sl.Colors.VirtualEnvBackgroundColor = [System.ConsoleColor]::DarkRed
$sl.Colors.VirtualEnvForegroundColor = [System.ConsoleColor]::White
$sl.Colors.CommandSuccessIconForegroundColor = [System.ConsoleColor]::DarkGreen
$sl.Colors.CommandFailedIconForegroundColor = [System.ConsoleColor]::DarkRed
$sl.Colors.PromptIndicatorForegroundColor1 = [ConsoleColor]::DarkBlue
$sl.Colors.PromptIndicatorForegroundColor2 = [ConsoleColor]::DarkYellow
$sl.Colors.PromptIndicatorForegroundColor3 = [ConsoleColor]::DarkMagenta
$sl.Colors.PromptUserBackgroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::Black

或者在这个地址下载

保存后,在 PowerShell 中输入notepad $PROFILE

修改最后一行的
Set-Theme Paradox改为Set-Theme SpencerTechy,保存

另一个好主题 Powerlevel10k

官网:https://github.com/romkatv/powerlevel10k

但是 Linux 下才能用下面方法安装,PowerShell 版只要把 psm1 文件附上即可

Oh My Zsh 版的安装方法.

git clone --depth=1 https://gitee.com/romkatv/powerlevel10k.git ${ZSH_CUSTOM:-~/.oh-my-zsh/custom}/themes/powerlevel10k

~/.zshrc里加上

ZSH_THEME="powerlevel10k/powerlevel10k"

PowerShell 版的 Powerlevel10k-Classic.psm1 主题文件:

#requires -Version 2 -Modules posh-git

function Write-Theme {
    param(
        [bool]
        $lastCommandFailed,
        [string]
        $with
    )
    $adminsymbol = $sl.PromptSymbols.ElevatedSymbol
    $venvsymbol = $sl.PromptSymbols.VirtualEnvSymbol
    $clocksymbol = $sl.PromptSymbols.ClockSymbol

    ## Left Part
    $prompt = Write-Prompt -Object " $($sl.PromptSymbols.StartSymbol) " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "$($sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentSubForwardSymbol) " -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
    $pathSymbol = if ($pwd.Path -eq $HOME) { $sl.PromptSymbols.PathHomeSymbol } else { $sl.PromptSymbols.PathSymbol }

    # Writes the drive portion
    $path = $pathSymbol + " " + (Get-FullPath -dir $pwd) + " "
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object $path -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.DriveForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor

    $status = Get-VCSStatus
    if ($status) {
        $themeInfo = Get-VcsInfo -status ($status)
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object $sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentSubForwardSymbol -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object " $($themeInfo.VcInfo) " -ForegroundColor $themeInfo.BackgroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
    }
    If ($with) {
        $sWith = " $($with.ToUpper())"
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object $sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentSubForwardSymbol -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.PromptForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object $sWith -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.WithForegroundColor -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
    }
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object $sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
    ###

    ## Right Part
    $rightElements = New-Object 'System.Collections.Generic.List[Tuple[string,ConsoleColor]]'
    $login = $sl.CurrentUser
    $computer = [System.Environment]::MachineName;

    $rightElements.Add([System.Tuple]::Create($sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentBackwardSymbol, $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor))
    # List of all right elements
    if (Test-VirtualEnv) {
        $rightElements.Add([System.Tuple]::Create(" $(Get-VirtualEnvName) $venvsymbol ", $sl.Colors.VirtualEnvForegroundColor))
        $rightElements.Add([System.Tuple]::Create($sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentSubBackwardSymbol, $sl.Colors.PromptForegroundColor))
    }
    if (Test-Administrator) {
        $rightElements.Add([System.Tuple]::Create(" $adminsymbol", $sl.Colors.AdminIconForegroundColor))
    }
    $rightElements.Add([System.Tuple]::Create(" $login@$computer ", $sl.Colors.UserForegroundColor))
    $rightElements.Add([System.Tuple]::Create($sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentSubBackwardSymbol, $sl.Colors.PromptForegroundColor))
    $rightElements.Add([System.Tuple]::Create(" $(Get-Date -Format HH:mm:ss) $clocksymbol ", $sl.Colors.TimestampForegroundColor))
    $lengthList = [Linq.Enumerable]::Select($rightElements, [Func[Tuple[string, ConsoleColor], int]] { $args[0].Item1.Length })
    $total = [Linq.Enumerable]::Sum($lengthList)
    # Transform into total length
    $prompt += Set-CursorForRightBlockWrite -textLength $total
    # The line head needs special care and is always drawn
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object $rightElements[0].Item1 -ForegroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
    for ($i = 1; $i -lt $rightElements.Count; $i++) {
        $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object $rightElements[$i].Item1 -ForegroundColor $rightElements[$i].Item2 -BackgroundColor $sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor
    }
    ###

    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object "`r"
    $prompt += Set-Newline

    # Writes the postfixes to the prompt
    $indicatorColor = If ($lastCommandFailed) { $sl.Colors.CommandFailedIconForegroundColor } Else { $sl.Colors.PromptSymbolColor }
    $prompt += Write-Prompt -Object $sl.PromptSymbols.PromptIndicator -ForegroundColor $indicatorColor
    $prompt += ' '
    $prompt
}

$sl = $global:ThemeSettings #local settings
$sl.PromptSymbols.StartSymbol = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0xe62a)
$sl.PromptSymbols.PromptIndicator = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0x276F)
$sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentForwardSymbol = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0xE0B0)
$sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentSubForwardSymbol = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0xE0B1)
$sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentBackwardSymbol = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0xE0B2)
$sl.PromptSymbols.SegmentSubBackwardSymbol = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0xE0B3)
$sl.PromptSymbols.ClockSymbol = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0xf64f)
$sl.PromptSymbols.PathHomeSymbol = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0xf015)
$sl.PromptSymbols.PathSymbol = [char]::ConvertFromUtf32(0xf07c)
$sl.Colors.PromptBackgroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::DarkGray
$sl.Colors.SessionInfoBackgroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::DarkGray
$sl.Colors.VirtualEnvBackgroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::DarkGray
$sl.Colors.PromptSymbolColor = [ConsoleColor]::Green
$sl.Colors.CommandFailedIconForegroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::DarkRed
$sl.Colors.DriveForegroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::Cyan
$sl.Colors.PromptForegroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::Gray
$sl.Colors.SessionInfoForegroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::White
$sl.Colors.WithForegroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::Red
$sl.Colors.VirtualEnvForegroundColor = [System.ConsoleColor]::Magenta
$sl.Colors.TimestampForegroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::Green
$sl.Colors.UserForegroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::Yellow
$sl.Colors.GitForegroundColor = [ConsoleColor]::White # Just in case...

按照上节方法把在$PROFILE里改Set-Theme Powerlevel10k-Classic即可。

安装 WSL

在微软应用商店里搜索 Ubuntu 安装即可,安装完成后会在 Windows 任务栏搜索 bash 即可进入 Ubuntu 环境。

初次进入 WSL 会立刻安装 Ubuntu 然后提示添加用户和密码, 按照提示输入即可.

建议使用lxrunoffline安装WSL:

scoop bucket add extras

scoop install lxrunoffline

# 或者用 choco 安装
choco install lxrunoffline

安装完成后,下载CentOS的Docker镜像

下载完毕之后,将其保存到一个全英文的目录中,执行以下的命令执行安装:

LxRunOffline install -n CentOS -d D:\linux\centos -f D:\softbackup\centos-7.8.2003-x86_64-docker.tar.xz -s

查看安装了哪些 WSL

LxRunOffline l

使用 LxRunOffline 运行 WSL:

LxRunOffline run -w -n "CentOS"

取消注册 CentOS 的命令:

LxRunOffline ur -n CentOS

以下命令可以将已经安装的Ubuntu移动到D盘:

LxRunOffline m -n Ubuntu -d D:\Linux\Ubuntu

查看Ubutun路径:

LxRunOffline di -n Ubuntu

为Ubuntu生成快捷方式:

LxRunOffline s -n Ubuntu -f C:\Users\{User}\Desktop\Ubuntu.lnk

备份Ubutun:

LxRunOffline e -n Ubuntu -f D:\Linux\backup\ubuntu.tar.gz

恢复备份:

LxRunOffline i -n Ubuntu -d D:\Linux\ubuntu -f D:\Linux\backup\ubuntu.tar.gz

WSL开发环境

键入以下命令安装环境:

# 更新系统
sudo apt-get update

# 安装 git, 一般会自带.
sudo apt-get install git

# 安装 ZSH
sudo apt-get install zsh

# 切换到 zsh,直接在终端输入 zsh 即可切换到 zsh。提示后输入 0 可以自动生成 .zshrc 文件
zsh

安装Oh-my-zsh

oh-my-zsh首页在这:
https://github.com/ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh

# 安装Oh-my-zsh 
sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh/master/tools/install.sh)"

安装完成后在设置默认 SHELL 时会出现了问题。

Linux 下设置默认 SHELL 方法如下:

chsh -s /bin/zsh

但重新在 CMD/POWERSHELL 上进入 WSL ,默认的 SHELL 还是 bash ,需要手动执行$ zsh才能进入。

于是在 Google 上查了一下,发现在 Microsoft 的 Github 上面有一个提交 Bug 的 Repository:Microsoft/WSL 上有一个 issue:

can’t change default shell #477

出现这个问题的原因是在启动 WSL 时没有执行 login 相关的组件,而这些组件和设置默认 SHELL 有关。

We don’t run login which is the component that normally sets those things up.

解决方法
打开 ~./bashrc 添加下列代码进去并保存即可。

[[ $- == *i* ]] && $(command -v zsh) || echo "ZSH is not installed"

下载 oh-my-zsh 的 powerlevel9k 主题

git clone https://github.com/bhilburn/powerlevel9k.git ~/.oh-my-zsh/custom/themes/powerlevel9k

编辑 .zshrc

vi ~/.zshrc

找到 ZSH_THEME
添加下面内容

POWERLEVEL9K_MODE='nerdfont-complete'
# POWERLEVEL9K_LEFT_SEGMENT_SEPARATOR="\uE0B4"
POWERLEVEL9K_LEFT_SUBSEGMENT_SEPARATOR="%F{$(( $DEFAULT_BACKGROUND - 2 ))}|%f"
# POWERLEVEL9K_RIGHT_SEGMENT_SEPARATOR="\uE0B6"
POWERLEVEL9K_RIGHT_SUBSEGMENT_SEPARATOR="%F{$(( $DEFAULT_BACKGROUND - 2 ))}|%f"
POWERLEVEL9K_SHORTEN_DIR_LENGTH="2"
POWERLEVEL9K_LEFT_PROMPT_ELEMENTS=(os_icon context dir nvm vcs)
POWERLEVEL9K_RIGHT_PROMPT_ELEMENTS=(status root_indicator battery date)
POWERLEVEL9K_OS_ICON_BACKGROUND="magenta"
POWERLEVEL9K_OS_ICON_FOREGROUND="black"
POWERLEVEL9K_DEFAULT_FOREGROUND="white"
POWERLEVEL9K_CONTEXT_DEFAULT_FOREGROUND="black"
POWERLEVEL9K_CONTEXT_DEFAULT_BACKGROUND="cyan"
POWERLEVEL9K_STATUS_CROSS="true"
ZSH_THEME="powerlevel9k/powerlevel9k"

重启 bash 可以生效.

或者用上一节的 Powerlevel10k 更简单.

WSL 下安装 Python

安装 Pyenv

Pyenv官网: https://github.com/pyenv/pyenv-installer

输入下面命令安装:

curl -L https://github.com/pyenv/pyenv-installer/raw/master/bin/pyenv-installer | bash

在 .zshrc 或者 .bashrc 中添加下面3行

export PATH="/home/gadzan/.pyenv/bin:$PATH"
eval "$(pyenv init -)"
eval "$(pyenv virtualenv-init -)"

输入exec $SHELL生效.

使用 pyenv 安装 python 3.6.6

pyenv install 3.6.6

如果提示no acceptable C compiler found in $PATH, 那就先安装依赖

sudo apt-get install -y make build-essential libssl-dev zlib1g-dev libbz2-dev \
libreadline-dev libsqlite3-dev wget curl llvm libncurses5-dev libncursesw5-dev \
xz-utils tk-dev

安装完成后先创建虚拟环境, 执行命令:

pyenv virtualenv 3.6.6 my-env

它的格式就是这样固定的,最后一个是你自己想要的环境的名字,可以随便取。稍等片刻,你将会看到:

Looking in links: /tmp/tmp0eywgc7v
Requirement already satisfied: setuptools in /home/joit/.pyenv/versions/3.6.6/envs/my-env/lib/python3.6/site-packages (39.0.1)
Requirement already satisfied: pip in /home/joit/.pyenv/versions/3.6.6/envs/my-env/lib/python3.6/site-packages (10.0.1)

类似于这样的回显信息,说明环境已经创建成功了,它还告诉了你,该虚拟环境的绝对路径,如果你进去看了,你就会发现,所谓的虚拟环境,就是把 python 装在 pyenv 的安装目录的某个文件夹中,以供它自己调用。

在任意目录下,执行命令激活虚拟环境:

pyenv activate my-env

你会发现,在你的终端里面,多了一个类似于 (my-env) 这样的一个东西,这时候你如果执行:

python --version

会显示python 3.6.6, 证明 python 已经安装好了.

安装 NVM

NVM 官网:https://github.com/nvm-sh/nvm

直接在官网获得下面命令输入以安装:

curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.35.3/install.sh | bash

.bashrc或者.zshrc中添加下面两行.

export NVM_DIR="$([ -z "${XDG_CONFIG_HOME-}" ] && printf %s "${HOME}/.nvm" || printf %s "${XDG_CONFIG_HOME}/nvm")"
[ -s "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" ] && \. "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" # This loads nvm

安装激活 Node 12

# 安装 Node 12 
nvm install 12
# 激活 Node 12 
nvm use 12

安装 Yarn 和 tyarn

# 安装 yarn
npm install -g yarn
# 安装 tyarn
npm install -g tyarn
# 更换淘宝源
yarn config set registry https://registry.npm.taobao.org

安装 mobaXterm

Windows 下的 SSH 工具
官网下载安装

下载个人用的免费版本即可,在 Settings -> SSH -> SSH Settings 把 SSH keepalive 勾上。

安装 VScode

官网下载安装

设置

设置默认显示空格和tab符号
打开VScode,左上角 文件 -> 首选项 -> 设置,搜索栏里搜索关键字whitespace 在Editor: Render Whitespace里选择all

安装插件

  1. indent-rainbow 让空格加上颜色,看上去更容易对齐;

  2. Bracket Pair Colorizer2 用于着色匹配括号;

  3. GitLens git日志查看插件

  4. vscode-icons 目录图标

  5. Atuo Rename Tag 修改 html 标签,自动帮你完成头部和尾部闭合标签的同步修改;

  6. Auto Close Tag 自动为你写上 html 关闭标签

  7. beautify 格式化代码工具
    美化javascript,JSON,CSS,Sass,和HTML在Visual Studio代码。

  8. vetur vue代码高亮插件

  9. ESLint Javascript代码规范工具

  10. Vue VSCode Snippets 前端框架Vue.js快捷代码助手

  11. Live Server 一个可热加载的页面开发服务器

  12. Markdown All in One Markdown的加强插件,支持快捷键、表格、自刷新预览

  13. Markdown Preview Mermaid Support 让Markdown支持插入 Mermaid 流程图 和预览。

  14. Better Comments 更好的注释高亮插件

  15. CodeSnap 为代码片段生成漂亮的图片

安装 VScode 主题

Dracula Official

安装JetBrain Mono字体

JetBrains Mono 字体是 JetBrains 开源的字体, 专门为程序员长期专注观看代码而设计, 各个字母数字辨识度非常高, 能很好地分清1LI, 有效减少疲劳.

官网下载 https://www.jetbrains.com/lp/mono/

下载安装后, 在 VS Code 文件->首选项->设置里搜索Font Family项设置字体, 或者在Font Ligatures项点击Edit in setting.json(在setting.json里编辑)并在{}内按需增量输入以下内容.
editor.fontLigatures 一定要有, 不然连字效果不会显示.

{
  "editor.fontFamily": "'JetBrains Mono', Consolas, 'Courier New', monospace",
  "editor.fontLigatures": true,
  "editor.fontSize": 14,
  "editor.lineHeight": 22,
  "editor.letterSpacing": 0.5,
  "editor.fontWeight": "400",
  "editor.cursorStyle": "line",
  "editor.cursorWidth": 2,
  "editor.cursorBlinking": "solid"
}

安装 Edge

最新的Edge是基于Chromium的,所以支持直接安装Chrome的插件,官网下载安装

插件

  1. Proxy SwitchyOmega 网络调试代理插件
  2. Talend API Tester - Free Edition Restful API调试工具
  3. Postwoman Extension for Chrome Postwoman API调试工具,Demo页可以直接作为PWA使用,调试http页面需要使用自带的代理,Github
  4. Charset 改变页面的编码,Google Chrome在55版本以后删除了手动设置网站编码的功能。但是在部分设置不规范不正确的网站,新版浏览器无法准确判断其使用的编码,导致网站显示乱码。

在浏览器可用的VSCode: code-server

https://github.com/cdr/code-server

参考为 iPad 部署基于 VS Code 的远程开发环境

下载3.1.1 版本的 code-server

curl -o code-server-3.1.1.tar.gz https://github.com/cdr/code-server/releases/download/3.1.1/code-server-3.1.1-linux-x86_64.tar.gz
# 解压缩 tar.gz 压缩包
tar xf code-server-3.1.1.tar.gz

# 进入解压得到的文件夹
cd code-server-3.1.1-linux-x86_64

设置访问密码

export PASSWORD="{YOUR_CODE_SERVER_PASSWORD}"

{YOUR_CODE_SERVER_PASSWORD}替换成密码即可

可以放到~/.bashrc或者~/.zshrc

运行

./code-server --host "0.0.0.0"

在浏览器里访问{服务器 IP 地址}:{code-server 端口}, 例如在本机访问localhost:8080(code-server 默认监听 8080 端口)

iOS 上使用 VSCode remote

手机上的打开浏览器版的 Code server 服务,编辑时的体验不够好,可以用 iOS 的APP VSCode remote,自建的Code server服务器可以免费使用。
官网:https://vseditor.app/

安装 PowerToys

PowerToys 最近的更新,移除了 Window Walker,取而代之的是更为强大的 PowerToys Run,同时也新增了一款工具 Keyboard Manager。


官方目前给出了两种安装方法:

第一种就在官网 Release 页下载 MSI 文件安装。
第二种通过包管理器 WinGet,安装只需要一条命令即可:winget install powertoys

下载安装后运行 PowerToy 有可能会提示你必须先安装 .Net Core 服务, 点击确定会自动导航到下载页,下载安装即可,地址在这里

alt + space可以唤出 PowerToys Run

安装 WinGet

WinGet 以后会在 Windows10 自带,Insider 版本会有,但是1709以后的版本可以直接去 WinGet 的官方 GitHub 仓库,在 Release 页面手动下载 WinGet 的安装程序(.appxbundle文件)然后手动安装。(安装过程非常快...)
如果不能双击打开文件安装,需要先去微软商店安装 应用安装程序 这个程序。

WinGet 在安装命令之后加上 --rainbow 的参数,会出现🌈进度条,哈哈


知识共享许可协议 本作品采用知识共享署名 4.0 国际许可协议进行许可。

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